The Advanced Fertility Blog

Are Painful Periods a Sign of Infertility?

If you have severely painful periods for two to three consecutive cycles and pain medications like Aleve or Advil do not give you any relief, Dr. Hugh D. Melnick advises you to seek out an evaluation and testing for a probable gynecological condition known as dysmenorrhea.

Dysmenorrhea – painful periods with severe abdominal cramps and bleeding – is a common gynecological problem experienced by many women during their reproductive years – Painful Periods and Infertility.


Painful Periods and Infertility

The onset of painful periods may be symptomatic of an underlying condition causing your infertility. Common causes of painful periods leading to infertility are:

  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Uterine Fibroids

Endometriosis and Painful Periods
This is a condition that manifests when the tissue from the inner lining of a woman’s uterus (the endometrium) grows outside the uterus and into her ovaries and/or fallopian tubes.

Endometriosis causes infertility because:

  • A woman’s menstrual blood is blocked from escaping her body
  • The menstrual blood inflames her ovaries and/or fallopian tubes
  • The inflammation causes scarring tissue to form within the ovaries and/or fallopian tubes

Endometriosis can cause pain before, during, and after a woman’s menstrual cycle. In severe cases, endometriosis will be painful throughout the month as well as during sexual intercourse.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) and Infertility

PID is caused by a chronic and untreated sexually transmitted disease, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, and infects a woman’s uterus, fallopian tubes, and her ovaries.

Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections are symptom-silent as they infect a woman’s genital tract – meaning, she doesn’t know she is infected.

These PIDs result in inflammation of the reproductive organs and cause scar tissue, pelvic pain, and painful periods – dysmenorrhea.

The chronic inflammation caused by PID:

  • Makes sexual intercourse painful
  • Damages the uterus
  • Damages the fallopian tubes
  • Decreases the chances of pregnancy

Uterine Fibroids and Painful Periods

Non-cancerous growths on the wall of the uterus are known as uterine fibroids. These cause painful periods, pelvic pain, heavy blood flow, and recurrent miscarriages.

Fibroids vary in their size, number, and location, and all of these factors are very important for determining how they are causing a woman’s infertility.

In addition to causing pain during periods and sexual intercourse, these fibroids make pregnancy difficult.

Treatment Provider for Your Painful Periods and Infertility

Dr. Hugh D. Melnick is the leading medical provider for the treatment of endometriosis, PID, and uterine fibroids. Since 1983, Advanced Fertility Services has successfully performed and managed full gynecologic examinations for thousands of women suffering from painful periods that are the likely cause of infertility.

His medical services include treatments for:

  • Gynecological problems with menstrual cycle
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pre-menstrual tension
  • Pre-menstrual depression

In order to detect the underlying cause of your painful periods – and probable infertility – Dr. Melnick will test your blood hormonal levels, conduct a pelvic examination, and view your reproductive organs through ultrasound and laparoscopy imaging.

Now that you suspect your painful periods are preventing you from becoming pregnant, schedule your consultation with Dr. Melnick today. Click below and enter your information or call Advanced Fertility Services at 212.369.8700.