The Advanced Fertility Blog

Do Painful Periods Mean You May Be Infertile?

When over-the-counter-medications – Aleve or Advil – do not give you any relief from your consecutive painful menstruation cycles, you may be suffering from a harmful gynecological condition. Dysmenorrhea – painful periods with severe abdominal cramps and bleeding – is a common gynecological problem experienced by many women during their reproductive years preventing pregnancy, according to Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) expert, Dr. Hugh D. Melnick.


Painful Periods and Infertility

The onset of painful periods may be symptomatic of an underlying condition causing your infertility. Common causes of painful periods leading to infertility are:

  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Uterine Fibroids

Endometriosis and Painful Periods

This is a condition that manifests when the tissue from the inner lining of a woman’s uterus (the endometrium) grows outside the uterus and into her ovaries and/or fallopian tubes.

Endometriosis causes infertility because:

  • A woman’s menstrual blood is blocked from escaping her body
  • The menstrual blood inflames her ovaries and/or fallopian tubes
  • The inflammation causes scarring tissue to form within the ovaries and/or fallopian tubes

Endometriosis can cause pain before, during, and after a woman’s menstrual cycle. In severe cases, endometriosis will be painful throughout the month as well as during sexual intercourse.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) and Infertility

PID is caused by a chronic and untreated sexually transmitted disease, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, and infects a woman’s uterus, fallopian tubes, and her ovaries.

  • Chlamydia and gonorrhea infections are symptom silent as they infect a woman’s genital tract – meaning, she doesn’t know she is infected.
  • These PIDs result in an inflammation of the reproductive organs and cause scarring tissue, pelvic pain, and painful periods – dysmenorrhea.

The chronic inflammation caused by PID:

  • Makes sexual intercourse painful
  • Damages the uterus
  • Damages the fallopian tubes
  • Decreases the chances of pregnancy

Uterine Fibroids and Painful Periods

Non-cancerous growths on the wall of the uterus are known as uterine fibroids. These cause painful periods, pelvic pain, heavy blood flow, and recurrent miscarriages.

  • Fibroids vary in their size, number, and location, and all of these factors are very important to determining how they are causing a woman’s infertility.
  • In addition to causing pain during periods and sexual intercourse, these fibroids make pregnancy difficult.

Treatment Provider for Your Painful Periods and Infertility

Dr. Hugh D. Melnick is the leading medical provider for the treatment of endometriosis, PID, and uterine fibroids. Gynecological problems with menstrual cycle.

  • Pelvic pain
  • Pre-menstrual tension
  • Pre-menstrual depression

Dr. Melnick will test your blood hormonal levels, conduct a pelvic examination, and view your reproductive organs through ultrasound and laparoscopy imaging. Diagnostic testing can detect the underlying cause of your painful periods and infertility.

Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Specialist

Don’t ignore your painful periods – this condition may be preventing you from getting pregnant. Reach out to Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) specialist, Dr. Hugh D. Melnick via Skype Consultation. Please click below and enter your information – or, call to schedule an appointment at Advanced Fertility Services – 212.369.8700.