The Advanced Fertility Blog

What are the Methods of Artificial Insemination

Artificial insemination (AI) is one of the simplest ways to address several types of female and male infertility, as well as to start non-traditional families. Below, we’ll explore some of the most common uses of artificial insemination, as well as how it is typically performed.


AI can be used as a first-line treatment for a number of fertility problems. Here are some common uses of the procedure:

  • Surrogacy – When a surrogate’s own eggs are used, artificial insemination is a less expensive alternative to in vitro fertilization (IVF).
  • Low sperm count or motility – If issues with the husband’s sperm are detected, artificial insemination may be effective because it involves concentrating healthy, active sperm before the insemination process.
  • Cervix issues – If the cervix is scarred or otherwise affected by a fertility issue, insemination can allow the doctor to place the sperm past the cervix, directly in the uterus, providing a better chance of pregnancy.
  • Undiagnosed infertility – In many cases, the exact cause of infertility is never determined. This procedure may be recommended as a treatment for undiagnosed infertility.
  • Non-traditional families – Single women and same-sex couples may use AI to start their families.

How it Works

During AI, the woman carefully follows her menstrual cycle to identify when she is ovulating; a urine test may be used to confirm ovulation. The insemination will be performed just before or during ovulation, which is a woman’s most fertile period.

The man will provide a sperm sample for the procedure, typically by masturbating. The sample is then put into a centrifuge, which separates out healthy, active sperm from low-quality sperm and seminal proteins.

The washed sperm is now ready to be placed directly in the woman’s uterus, a procedure known as intrauterine insemination (IUI). Although it is technically possible to perform AI by placing the sperm in the vagina only, IUI is preferred because it provides a much higher chance of success at a cost that is not dramatically higher.

To schedule a consultation about whether or not this fertility treatment is right for you, please give us a call at (212) 369-8700 or click below and we will get right back to you.